In October of 2023, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled in Great Concepts, LLC v. Chutter, Inc., 84 F. 4th 1014 (Fed. Cir. 2023) that a fraudulent filing for incontestability under Section 15 of the Lanham Act is not a proper ground for the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) to cancel a registration under Section 14 of the Act. In so holding, it endorsed prior rulings to the effect that fraud in filing a Section 8 affidavit of continuing use, or a renewal application under Section 9—acts of “maintaining” a registration—constitutes “obtaining” a registration within the meaning of Section 14, while rejecting earlier TTAB decisions that had treated Section 15 affidavits the same way.

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